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What is Wellhead Protection?

Wellhead Protection is a way to prevent drinking water from becoming polluted by managing potential sources of contamination in the area which supplies water to a public well. Much can be done to prevent pollution, such as the wise use of land and chemicals. Public health is protected and expense of treating polluted water or drilling new wells is avoided through wellhead protection efforts.

Wellhead Protection Brochure
Map of Wellhead Protection and Drinking Water Supply Management Area (DWSMA)
Best Management Practices for Residents

This guide is for people living and working near a public water supply well and within its wellhead protection area. A wellhead protection area is established by, first, determining the “capture zone” of the public water supply well where groundwater is drawn into the well over a specific period of time (e.g. 10 years). Then, the circular capture zone is used to draw the boundaries of the Drinking Water Supply Management Area (DWSMA) based on property lines, roads and other landmarks. 

*This guide emphasizes the protection of the source of our drinking water, groundwater surrounding our wells. But, all of our water resources must be protected to preserve the quality of life for ourselves and future generations.

MDH-Drinking Water Protection Resources
Abandoned Well